Difference between revisions of "Climate Resilient Neighborhood"
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Copenhagen Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood is an initative which presents an innovative model for climate adaptation that can inspire cities worldwide. Here the City of Copenhagen is working together with residents of the neighborhood to create cloudburst solutions, which also contributes to urban quality of everyday life . The initative aim to rethink and optimize urban space, so it is possible to manage the rainwater in green solutions on the surface. The vision for the Climate-Resilient Neighborhood is followed by an effort targeted to engage residents of the neighborhood to take action on their own. Among private residents’ initatives are green roofs , rain gardens and street trees. All these small projects including the large municipal climate adaptation projects, form the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood.  
+
  Copenhagen Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood is an initative which presents an innovative model for climate adaptation that can inspire cities worldwide. Here the City of Copenhagen is working together with residents of the neighborhood to create cloudburst solutions, which also contributes to urban quality of everyday life . The initative aim to rethink and optimize urban space, so it is possible to manage the rainwater in green solutions on the surface. The vision for the Climate-Resilient Neighborhood is followed by an effort targeted to engage residents of the neighborhood to take action on their own. Among private residents’ initatives are green roofs , rain gardens and street trees. All these small projects including the large municipal climate adaptation projects, form the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood.
The project is a cooperative venture between the central City Planning Office, the Integrated Urban Renewal office in the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood. and HOFOR  
+
  The project is a cooperative venture between the central City Planning Office, the Integrated Urban Renewal office in the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood. and HOFOR (Copenhagen’s utility service)
(Copenhagen’s utility service)
+
   ackground Information  
  ackground Information
+
  Background and policy framework:
Background and policy framework:
+
  · COPENHAGEN CLIMATE ADAPTATION PLAN, 2011
·COPENHAGEN CLIMATE ADAPTATION PLAN, 2011
+
  The plan sets the framework for the strategies that the city can choose to protect itself against climate change. Adopted by the Municipal Council on 25 August 2011
The plan sets the framework for the strategies that the city can choose to protect itself against climate change. Adopted by the Municipal Council on 25 August 2011
+
  http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Copenhagen%20Climate%20Adaptation%20Plan%20-%202011.pdf
http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Copenhagen%20Climate%20Adaptation%20Plan%20-%202011.pdf
+
  · CLOUDBURST MANAGEMENT PLAN, 2012
·CLOUDBURST MANAGEMENT PLAN, 2012
+
  Strategy for managing cloudbursts in Copenhagen. The plan establishes the level the city is to protect itself against and presents the first financial estimates of expenditure. Adopted by the Municipal Council on 13 December 2012
Strategy for managing cloudbursts in Copenhagen. The plan establishes the level the city is to protect itself against and presents the first financial estimates of expenditure. Adopted by the Municipal Council on 13 December 2012
+
  http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Cloudburst%20Management%20plan%202010.pdf
http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Cloudburst%20Management%20plan%202010.pdf
+
  Additional frameworks:
Additional frameworks:
+
  · CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND INVESTMENT STATEMENT part 1,  2015
·CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND INVESTMENT STATEMENT part 1,  2015
+
  http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/1499_bUxCjgovgE.pdf
http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/1499_bUxCjgovgE.pdf
+
  Reason for undertaking the initiative:
Reason for undertaking the initiative:
+
  The project is part of the City of Copenhagen's strategy for district and urban renewal. In 2010 the neighbourhood of St. Kjelds in Copenhagen Østerbro was chosen as a district suitable for urban upgrade through the City of Copenhagen’s district and urban renewal project.
The project is part of the City of Copenhagen's strategy for district and urban renewal. In 2010 the neighbourhood of St. Kjelds in Copenhagen ?sterbro was chosen as a district suitable for urban upgrade through the City of Copenhagen’s district and urban renewal project.
+
  The neighbourhood was worn and needed physical, social and cultural upgrading
The neighbourhood was worn and needed physical, social and cultural upgrading
+
  The integrated urban renewal project in St. Kjelds was given a total budget of 60 million dkr. (funded by the former Ministry of Housing and the City of Copenhagen.
The integrated urban renewal project in St. Kjelds was given a total budget of 60 million dkr. (funded by the former Ministry of Housing and the City of Copenhagen.
+
  In 2010 the Copenhagen City Council chose to do an integrated urban renewal project in the district of St. Kjelds as  many streets, squares and green areas were used and worn out. Moreover the aim was also to counter some of the social challenges, which were already to be found in the area, including social housing problems, unemployment and low living standards.
In 2010 the Copenhagen City Council chose to do an integrated urban renewal project in the district of St. Kjelds as  many streets, squares and green areas were used and worn out. Moreover the aim was also to counter some of the social challenges, which were already to be found in the area, including social housing problems, unemployment and low living standards.
+
  The neighborhood of St. Kjelds (now Copenhagen’s Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood) is a diverse and densely populated neighborhood - there are 24.000 residents and more than 10,000 jobs in just one square kilometer and the area is in lack of green spaces.
The neighborhood of St. Kjelds (now Copenhagen’s Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood) is a diverse and densely populated neighborhood - there are 24.000 residents and more than 10,000 jobs in just one square kilometer and the area is in lack of green spaces.
+
  The cloudburst in 2011 made it clear to politicians, professionals and citizens of the city that the climate challenge in Copenhagen needed to be addressed. This work was initiated through the Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan and the neighbourhood of St. Kjelds was selected as a special target of developing methods and
The cloudburst in 2011 made it clear to politicians, professionals and citizens of the city that the climate challenge in Copenhagen needed to be addressed. This work was initiated through the Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan and the neighbourhood of St. Kjelds was selected as a special target of developing methods and
+
  technologies in order to adapt the city to climate change.The initiative will have a positive impact on urban life for 24.000 residents.
technologies in order to adapt the city to climate change.The initiative will have a positive impact on urban life for 24.000 residents.
+
   Goals of the Initiative  
  Goals of the Initiative  
+
  Outcome/goals:
Outcome/goals:
+
  The goals of the initiative is to future-proof the city of Copenhagen with green climate change adaptation solutions at street level, so stormwater is managed efficiently without creating damage to the city. The solutions should be tangible and useful for the citizens.
The goals of the initiative is to future-proof the city of Copenhagen with green climate change adaptation solutions at street level, so stormwater is managed efficiently without creating damage to the city. The solutions should be tangible and useful for the citizens.
+
  Furthermore the goals are to present a scalable climate change strategy which can inspire other cities to do the same.
Furthermore the goals are to present a scalable climate change strategy which can inspire other cities to do the same.
+
  Specific goals in the neighbourhood:
Specific goals in the neighbourhood:
+
  - To prevent flooding in the neighbourhood by managing the stormwater/rainwater in a sustainable matter, through green solutions on the surface.
-To prevent flooding in the neighbourhood by managing the stormwater/rainwater in a sustainable matter, through green solutions on the surface.
+
  - To create better and greener urban spaces so urban life is improved.To enhance biodiversity. In this way we create better living conditions for the citizens.
-To create better and greener urban spaces so urban life is improved.To enhance biodiversity. In this way we create better living conditions for the citizens.
+
  - To create an identity for the neighbourhood.
-To create an identity for the neighbourhood.
+
   Parties and Partners to the Initiative and Resources Used for Implementation  
Parties and Partners to the Initiative and Resources Used for Implementation
+
  The project involves different partnerships both local and external.
Outcome/goals:
+
  A local partnership has been created, consisting of citizens living in the neighbourhood. For example a board of the square at Tåsinge Plads has been established (the first climate adapted square in the neighbourhood). The board members are residents living around the square. We have also established different partnerships (public-private) with local environmental/green NGO’s (e.g. Miljøpunkt Østerbro) and local political secretaries (Lokaludvalg) and local entrepreneurs as Østergro Rooftop farm etc.
The goals of the initiative is to future-proof the city of Copenhagen with green climate change adaptation solutions at street level, so stormwater is managed efficiently without creating damage to the city. The solutions should be tangible and useful for the citizens.
+
  The City of Copenhagen also have a partnership with Copenhagen’s Utility service HOFOR, who also finance parts of the climate adaptation projects.
Furthermore the goals are to present a scalable climate change strategy which can inspire other cities to do the same.
+
  The initiative is a part of the integrated urban renewal project in the neighbourhood of St. Kjeld’s.
Specific goals in the neighbourhood:
+
  Financing:
-To prevent flooding in the neighbourhood by managing the stormwater/rainwater in a sustainable matter, through green solutions on the surface.
+
  · The former Ministry of City, Housing and Rural Areas (now the Ministry of Immigration, Integration and Housing Affairs
-To create better and greener urban spaces so urban life is improved.To enhance biodiversity. In this way we create better living conditions for the citizens.
+
  · City of Copenhagen
-To create an identity for the neighbourhood.
+
  In total 60 mio. dkr. was given to the project.
  Innovation for the Initiative
+
  The project has been given additional funding through different partnerships.
The project involves different partnerships both local and external.
+
  Other resources:
A local partnership has been created, consisting of citizens living in the neighbourhood. For example a board of the square at T?singe Plads has been established (the first climate adapted square in the neighbourhood). The board members are residents living around the square. We have also established different partnerships (public-private) with local environmental/green NGO’s (e.g. Milj?punkt ?sterbro) and local political secretaries (Lokaludvalg) and local entrepreneurs as ?stergro Rooftop farm etc.
+
  - The local secretariat consisting of 5-6 people (planners, architects, communication, political scientists etc.)
The City of Copenhagen also have a partnership with Copenhagen’s Utility service HOFOR, who also finance parts of the climate adaptation projects.
+
  - HOFOR (Copenhagen’s utility service)
The initiative is a part of the integrated urban renewal project in the neighbourhood of St. Kjeld’s.
+
  - The Climate Department (City of Copenhagen)
Financing:
+
  - Different local organizations and NGO’s, boards etc.
·The former Ministry of City, Housing and Rural Areas (now the Ministry of Immigration, Integration and Housing Affairs
+
  The local steering committee, consisting of residents and representatives from the 7 different city administrations.
·City of Copenhagen
+
  Innovation for the Initiative
In total 60 mio. dkr. was given to the project.
+
  The initiative/project is revolutionary.
The project has been given additional funding through different partnerships.
+
  It is the first time, for the City of Copenhagen, to adapt a whole district/neighbourhood to climate change. The initiative/project presents a new way to develop climate adaptation solutions in a dense city, together with the residents.
Other resources:
+
  We plan and develop solutions together with the citizens. In the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked closely together with local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge, ideas and resources in the different projects. For example on Tåsinge Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjelds Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans developed by the extern consultants (architects).
-The local secretariat consisting of 5-6 people (planners, architects, communication, political scientists etc.)
+
  The innovation is being applied in the City of Copenhagens’ strategy for climate adaptation within the Technical and Environmental Administration.
-HOFOR (Copenhagen’s utility service)
+
  - The Climate Adaptation Plan 2011
-The Climate Department (City of Copenhagen)
+
  http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Copenhagen%20Climate%20Adaptation%20Plan%20-%202011.pdf
-Different local organizations and NGO’s, boards etc.
+
  In 2015 City of Copenhagen launched a strategy of co-creation
The local steering committee, consisting of residents and representatives from the 7 different city administrations.
+
  - Co-Create Copenhagen
  Obstacles and Solutions to the Innovation
+
  http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/1534_0TdC5G2XZr.pdf
The initiative/project is revolutionary.
+
  6 Obstacles and Solutions to the Innovation
It is the first time, for the City of Copenhagen, to adapt a whole district/neighbourhood to climate change. The initiative/project presents a new way to develop climate adaptation solutions in a dense city, together with the residents.
+
  New and combined solutions (climate adaptation) challenge the legal system, organizational structures, physical structures, mental structures, and economic structures in many levels and areas. By communication and by working interdisciplinary the challenges can be overcome.
We plan and develop solutions together with the citizens. In the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked closely together with local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge, ideas and resources in the different projects. For example on T?singe Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjelds Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans developed by the extern consultants (architects).
+
   Outcomes and Assessments
The innovation is being applied in the City of Copenhagens’ strategy for climate adaptation within the Technical and Environmental Administration.
+
  The Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood is one of the first bigger climate adaptation projects covering a whole district in the city. The aim is to improve the quality of urban life in the city/neighborhood, by creating solutions which adapt to climate change, creates better green spaces and are environmental sustainable.
-The Climate Adaptation Plan 2011
+
  The initiative/project has a great impact on both local, regional, national and global scale.
http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Copenhagen%20Climate%20Adaptation%20Plan%20-%202011.pdf
+
  In Copenhagen’s Climate Resilient Neighborhood, we will establish “green”(use of vegetation) and “blue” solutions both in private courtyards, on streets areas and urban spaces. The aim is to disconnect 30% of rainwater from the sewer, by using techniques where different solutions are linked to together.
In 2015 City of Copenhagen launched a strategy of co-creation
+
  The concept is to establish green cloudburst solutions (solutions on the surface) in the upper and middle part of the catchment area. The rainwater will be channelized into a cloudburst sewer in the lower part of the catchment area which will lead rainwater into the harbour. We establish greener courtyards and manage local surface water run-off in the courtyards. This is managed either by establishing green roofs on e.g. smaller backyard buildings and by implementing water tanks,. rain gardens etc. . In terms of heavy rains we secure cellars by establing raised stairways so excess water will run from the courtyard and into the road.
-Co-Create Copenhagen
+
  The different “green” surface solutions (sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) ) will provide a  recreational value for the city and its residents and it will increase the quality of life in everyday life.
http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/1534_0TdC5G2XZr.pdf
+
  Each year a study on city life is conducted in the neighbourhood. The analysis gives a picture of the city life and counts how much activity there is in e.g. a square, park or a street.
  Outcomes and Assessments
+
  In the neighbourhood 4 city life studies have been conducted in 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015
New and combined solutions (climate adaptation) challenge the legal system, organizational structures, physical structures, mental structures, and economic structures in many levels and areas. By communication and by working interdisciplinary the challenges can be overcome.
+
  The results of the city life studies can be found in the reports from each year, the reports contain a more detailed review of the method.
Methods Applied
+
  The purpose of the city life studies is to assess and evaluate how the residents use the neighbourhood. Where and how do people use the neighbourhood and how do they move around? We can thereby compare the different studies and assess the results before and after a physical interventions/urban renewal.
The Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood is one of the first bigger climate adaptation projects covering a whole district in the city. The aim is to improve the quality of urban life in the city/neighborhood, by creating solutions which adapt to climate change, creates better green spaces and are environmental sustainable.
+
  We use the studies to get an indication of which urban areas are functional and which are dysfunctional and thereby we can find out if we have improved the physical spaces.
The initiative/project has a great impact on both local, regional, national and global scale.
+
  · The citizens in Copenhagen become more aware of climate change and the needs to adapt the city to heavy rain and cloudbursts.
In Copenhagen’s Climate Resilient Neighborhood, we will establish “green”(use of vegetation) and “blue” solutions both in private courtyards, on streets areas and urban spaces. The aim is to disconnect 30% of rainwater from the sewer, by using techniques where different solutions are linked to together.
+
  · The citizens get inspired by the different initiatives developed by the integrated urban renewal project and other citizens. They get motivated for creating their own projects. The citizens become more conscious of their ability to contribute to their local community and the city.
The concept is to establish green cloudburst solutions (solutions on the surface) in the upper and middle part of the catchment area. The rainwater will be channelized into a cloudburst sewer in the lower part of the catchment area which will lead rainwater into the harbour. We establish greener courtyards and manage local surface water run-off in the courtyards. This is managed either by establishing green roofs on e.g. smaller backyard buildings and by implementing water tanks,. rain gardens etc. . In terms of heavy rains we secure cellars by establing raised stairways so excess water will run from the courtyard and into the road.
+
  · The neighbourhood has developed a good reputation and identity as Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood.
The different “green” surface solutions (sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) ) will provide a  recreational value for the city and its residents and it will increase the quality of life in everyday life.
+
  Methods Applied
Each year a study on city life is conducted in the neighbourhood. The analysis gives a picture of the city life and counts how much activity there is in e.g. a square, park or a street.
+
  New planning and working methods:
In the neighbourhood 4 city life studies have been conducted in 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015
+
  We plan and develop together with the citizens. In the Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked together with the local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge and ideas in the different projects. Eg.on Tåsinge Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjeld Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans and solutions done by the architects (consultants).
The results of the city life studies can be found in the reports from each year, the reports contain a more detailed review of the method.
+
   Benefit to Other Cities
The purpose of the city life studies is to assess and evaluate how the residents use the neighbourhood. Where and how do people use the neighbourhood and how do they move around? We can thereby compare the different studies and assess the results before and after a physical interventions/urban renewal.
+
  New planning and working methods:
We use the studies to get an indication of which urban areas are functional and which are dysfunctional and thereby we can find out if we have improved the physica spaces.
+
  We plan together with the citizens. In the Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked together with the local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge and ideas in the different projects. Eg.on Tåsinge Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjeld Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans and solutions done by the architects (consultants).
·The citizens in Copenhagen become more aware of climate change and the needs to adapt the city to heavy rain and cloudbursts.
+
  A strong neighbourhood is a neighbourhood that has a "voice" - that can articulate their wishes to the people in charge of the neighborhood development and realization of this. The neighborhood's "voice" is a network of institutions, political organizations, associations and individuals, sometimes formally organized, other times informally.
·The citizens get inspired by the different initiatives developed by the integrated urban renewal project and other citizens. They get motivated for creating their own projects. The citizens become more conscious of their ability to contribute to their local community and the city.
+
  An urban renewal program like in the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood, can help to strengthen this "voice" because it can set a common agenda through the district plan for the development of the neighbourhood, And it has  the power to deliberate involve the neighbourhood's citizens in the process.
·The neighbourhood has developed a good reputation and identity as Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood.
+
  Benefit to Other Cities
+
New planning and working methods:
+
We plan and develop together with the citizens. In the Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked together with the local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge and ideas in the different projects. Eg.on T?singe Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjeld Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans and solutions done by the architects (consultants).
+
  Abstract 
+
New planning and working methods:
+
We plan together with the citizens. In the Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked together with the local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge and ideas in the different projects. Eg.on T?singe Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjeld Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans and solutions done by the architects (consultants).
+
A strong neighbourhood is a neighbourhood that has a "voice" - that can articulate their wishes to the people in charge of the neighborhood development and realization of this. The neighborhood's "voice" is a network of institutions, political organizations, associations and individuals, sometimes formally organized, other times informally.
+
An urban renewal program like in the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood, can help to strengthen this "voice" because it can set a common agenda through the district plan for the development of the neighbourhood, And it has  the power to deliberate involve the neighbourhood's citizens in the process.
+
  
 
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== Abstract ==
+
: ==Abstract==
:Copenhagen Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood is an initative which presents an innovative model for climate adaptation that can inspire cities worldwide. Here the City of Copenhagen is working together with residents of the neighborhood to create cloudburst solutions, which also contributes to urban quality of everyday life . The initative aim to rethink and optimize urban space, so it is possible to manage the rainwater in green solutions on the surface. The vision for the Climate-Resilient Neighborhood is followed by an effort targeted to engage residents of the neighborhood to take action on their own. Among private residents’ initatives are green roofs , rain gardens and street trees. All these small projects including the large municipal climate adaptation projects, form the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood.  
+
:  Copenhagen Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood is an initative which presents an innovative model for climate adaptation that can inspire cities worldwide. Here the City of Copenhagen is working together with residents of the neighborhood to create cloudburst solutions, which also contributes to urban quality of everyday life . The initative aim to rethink and optimize urban space, so it is possible to manage the rainwater in green solutions on the surface. The vision for the Climate-Resilient Neighborhood is followed by an effort targeted to engage residents of the neighborhood to take action on their own. Among private residents’ initatives are green roofs , rain gardens and street trees. All these small projects including the large municipal climate adaptation projects, form the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood.
:The project is a cooperative venture between the central City Planning Office, the Integrated Urban Renewal office in the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood. and HOFOR  
+
:  The project is a cooperative venture between the central City Planning Office, the Integrated Urban Renewal office in the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood. and HOFOR (Copenhagen’s utility service)
:(Copenhagen’s utility service)
+
:  ==ackground Information==
== ackground Information ==
+
:  Background and policy framework:
:Background and policy framework:
+
:  · COPENHAGEN CLIMATE ADAPTATION PLAN, 2011
:·COPENHAGEN CLIMATE ADAPTATION PLAN, 2011
+
:  The plan sets the framework for the strategies that the city can choose to protect itself against climate change. Adopted by the Municipal Council on 25 August 2011
:The plan sets the framework for the strategies that the city can choose to protect itself against climate change. Adopted by the Municipal Council on 25 August 2011
+
:  http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Copenhagen%20Climate%20Adaptation%20Plan%20-%202011.pdf
:http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Copenhagen%20Climate%20Adaptation%20Plan%20-%202011.pdf
+
:  · CLOUDBURST MANAGEMENT PLAN, 2012
:·CLOUDBURST MANAGEMENT PLAN, 2012
+
:  Strategy for managing cloudbursts in Copenhagen. The plan establishes the level the city is to protect itself against and presents the first financial estimates of expenditure. Adopted by the Municipal Council on 13 December 2012
:Strategy for managing cloudbursts in Copenhagen. The plan establishes the level the city is to protect itself against and presents the first financial estimates of expenditure. Adopted by the Municipal Council on 13 December 2012
+
:  http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Cloudburst%20Management%20plan%202010.pdf
:http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Cloudburst%20Management%20plan%202010.pdf
+
:  Additional frameworks:
:Additional frameworks:
+
:  · CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND INVESTMENT STATEMENT part 1,  2015
:·CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND INVESTMENT STATEMENT part 1,  2015
+
:  http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/1499_bUxCjgovgE.pdf
:http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/1499_bUxCjgovgE.pdf
+
:  Reason for undertaking the initiative:
:Reason for undertaking the initiative:
+
:  The project is part of the City of Copenhagen's strategy for district and urban renewal. In 2010 the neighbourhood of St. Kjelds in Copenhagen Østerbro was chosen as a district suitable for urban upgrade through the City of Copenhagen’s district and urban renewal project.
:The project is part of the City of Copenhagen's strategy for district and urban renewal. In 2010 the neighbourhood of St. Kjelds in Copenhagen ?sterbro was chosen as a district suitable for urban upgrade through the City of Copenhagen’s district and urban renewal project.
+
:  The neighbourhood was worn and needed physical, social and cultural upgrading
:The neighbourhood was worn and needed physical, social and cultural upgrading
+
:  The integrated urban renewal project in St. Kjelds was given a total budget of 60 million dkr. (funded by the former Ministry of Housing and the City of Copenhagen.
:The integrated urban renewal project in St. Kjelds was given a total budget of 60 million dkr. (funded by the former Ministry of Housing and the City of Copenhagen.
+
:  In 2010 the Copenhagen City Council chose to do an integrated urban renewal project in the district of St. Kjelds as  many streets, squares and green areas were used and worn out. Moreover the aim was also to counter some of the social challenges, which were already to be found in the area, including social housing problems, unemployment and low living standards.
:In 2010 the Copenhagen City Council chose to do an integrated urban renewal project in the district of St. Kjelds as  many streets, squares and green areas were used and worn out. Moreover the aim was also to counter some of the social challenges, which were already to be found in the area, including social housing problems, unemployment and low living standards.
+
:  The neighborhood of St. Kjelds (now Copenhagen’s Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood) is a diverse and densely populated neighborhood - there are 24.000 residents and more than 10,000 jobs in just one square kilometer and the area is in lack of green spaces.
:The neighborhood of St. Kjelds (now Copenhagen’s Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood) is a diverse and densely populated neighborhood - there are 24.000 residents and more than 10,000 jobs in just one square kilometer and the area is in lack of green spaces.
+
:  The cloudburst in 2011 made it clear to politicians, professionals and citizens of the city that the climate challenge in Copenhagen needed to be addressed. This work was initiated through the Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan and the neighbourhood of St. Kjelds was selected as a special target of developing methods and
:The cloudburst in 2011 made it clear to politicians, professionals and citizens of the city that the climate challenge in Copenhagen needed to be addressed. This work was initiated through the Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan and the neighbourhood of St. Kjelds was selected as a special target of developing methods and
+
:  technologies in order to adapt the city to climate change.The initiative will have a positive impact on urban life for 24.000 residents.
:technologies in order to adapt the city to climate change.The initiative will have a positive impact on urban life for 24.000 residents.
+
:  ==Goals of the Initiative==
== Goals of the Initiative==
+
:  Outcome/goals:
:Outcome/goals:
+
:  The goals of the initiative is to future-proof the city of Copenhagen with green climate change adaptation solutions at street level, so stormwater is managed efficiently without creating damage to the city. The solutions should be tangible and useful for the citizens.
:The goals of the initiative is to future-proof the city of Copenhagen with green climate change adaptation solutions at street level, so stormwater is managed efficiently without creating damage to the city. The solutions should be tangible and useful for the citizens.
+
:  Furthermore the goals are to present a scalable climate change strategy which can inspire other cities to do the same.
:Furthermore the goals are to present a scalable climate change strategy which can inspire other cities to do the same.
+
:  Specific goals in the neighbourhood:
:Specific goals in the neighbourhood:
+
:  - To prevent flooding in the neighbourhood by managing the stormwater/rainwater in a sustainable matter, through green solutions on the surface.
:-To prevent flooding in the neighbourhood by managing the stormwater/rainwater in a sustainable matter, through green solutions on the surface.
+
:  - To create better and greener urban spaces so urban life is improved.To enhance biodiversity. In this way we create better living conditions for the citizens.
:-To create better and greener urban spaces so urban life is improved.To enhance biodiversity. In this way we create better living conditions for the citizens.
+
:  - To create an identity for the neighbourhood.
:-To create an identity for the neighbourhood.
+
:  ==Parties and Partners to the Initiative and Resources Used for Implementation==
==Parties and Partners to the Initiative and Resources Used for Implementation ==
+
:  The project involves different partnerships both local and external.
:Outcome/goals:
+
:  A local partnership has been created, consisting of citizens living in the neighbourhood. For example a board of the square at Tåsinge Plads has been established (the first climate adapted square in the neighbourhood). The board members are residents living around the square. We have also established different partnerships (public-private) with local environmental/green NGO’s (e.g. Miljøpunkt Østerbro) and local political secretaries (Lokaludvalg) and local entrepreneurs as Østergro Rooftop farm etc.
:The goals of the initiative is to future-proof the city of Copenhagen with green climate change adaptation solutions at street level, so stormwater is managed efficiently without creating damage to the city. The solutions should be tangible and useful for the citizens.
+
:  The City of Copenhagen also have a partnership with Copenhagen’s Utility service HOFOR, who also finance parts of the climate adaptation projects.
:Furthermore the goals are to present a scalable climate change strategy which can inspire other cities to do the same.
+
:  The initiative is a part of the integrated urban renewal project in the neighbourhood of St. Kjeld’s.
:Specific goals in the neighbourhood:
+
:  Financing:
:-To prevent flooding in the neighbourhood by managing the stormwater/rainwater in a sustainable matter, through green solutions on the surface.
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:  · The former Ministry of City, Housing and Rural Areas (now the Ministry of Immigration, Integration and Housing Affairs
:-To create better and greener urban spaces so urban life is improved.To enhance biodiversity. In this way we create better living conditions for the citizens.
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:  · City of Copenhagen
:-To create an identity for the neighbourhood.
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:  In total 60 mio. dkr. was given to the project.
== Innovation for the Initiative==
+
:  The project has been given additional funding through different partnerships.
:The project involves different partnerships both local and external.
+
:  Other resources:
:A local partnership has been created, consisting of citizens living in the neighbourhood. For example a board of the square at T?singe Plads has been established (the first climate adapted square in the neighbourhood). The board members are residents living around the square. We have also established different partnerships (public-private) with local environmental/green NGO’s (e.g. Milj?punkt ?sterbro) and local political secretaries (Lokaludvalg) and local entrepreneurs as ?stergro Rooftop farm etc.
+
:  - The local secretariat consisting of 5-6 people (planners, architects, communication, political scientists etc.)
:The City of Copenhagen also have a partnership with Copenhagen’s Utility service HOFOR, who also finance parts of the climate adaptation projects.
+
:  - HOFOR (Copenhagen’s utility service)
:The initiative is a part of the integrated urban renewal project in the neighbourhood of St. Kjeld’s.
+
:  - The Climate Department (City of Copenhagen)
:Financing:
+
:  - Different local organizations and NGO’s, boards etc.
:·The former Ministry of City, Housing and Rural Areas (now the Ministry of Immigration, Integration and Housing Affairs
+
:  The local steering committee, consisting of residents and representatives from the 7 different city administrations.
:·City of Copenhagen
+
: ==Innovation for the Initiative==
:In total 60 mio. dkr. was given to the project.
+
:  The initiative/project is revolutionary.
:The project has been given additional funding through different partnerships.
+
:  It is the first time, for the City of Copenhagen, to adapt a whole district/neighbourhood to climate change. The initiative/project presents a new way to develop climate adaptation solutions in a dense city, together with the residents.
:Other resources:
+
:  We plan and develop solutions together with the citizens. In the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked closely together with local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge, ideas and resources in the different projects. For example on Tåsinge Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjelds Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans developed by the extern consultants (architects).
:-The local secretariat consisting of 5-6 people (planners, architects, communication, political scientists etc.)
+
:  The innovation is being applied in the City of Copenhagens’ strategy for climate adaptation within the Technical and Environmental Administration.
:-HOFOR (Copenhagen’s utility service)
+
:  - The Climate Adaptation Plan 2011
:-The Climate Department (City of Copenhagen)
+
:  http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Copenhagen%20Climate%20Adaptation%20Plan%20-%202011.pdf
:-Different local organizations and NGO’s, boards etc.
+
:  In 2015 City of Copenhagen launched a strategy of co-creation
:The local steering committee, consisting of residents and representatives from the 7 different city administrations.
+
:  - Co-Create Copenhagen
== Obstacles and Solutions to the Innovation==
+
:  http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/1534_0TdC5G2XZr.pdf
:The initiative/project is revolutionary.
+
:  6 Obstacles and Solutions to the Innovation
:It is the first time, for the City of Copenhagen, to adapt a whole district/neighbourhood to climate change. The initiative/project presents a new way to develop climate adaptation solutions in a dense city, together with the residents.
+
:  New and combined solutions (climate adaptation) challenge the legal system, organizational structures, physical structures, mental structures, and economic structures in many levels and areas. By communication and by working interdisciplinary the challenges can be overcome.
:We plan and develop solutions together with the citizens. In the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked closely together with local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge, ideas and resources in the different projects. For example on T?singe Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjelds Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans developed by the extern consultants (architects).
+
:  ==Outcomes and Assessments==
:The innovation is being applied in the City of Copenhagens’ strategy for climate adaptation within the Technical and Environmental Administration.
+
:  The Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood is one of the first bigger climate adaptation projects covering a whole district in the city. The aim is to improve the quality of urban life in the city/neighborhood, by creating solutions which adapt to climate change, creates better green spaces and are environmental sustainable.
:-The Climate Adaptation Plan 2011
+
:  The initiative/project has a great impact on both local, regional, national and global scale.
:http://international.kk.dk/sites/international.kk.dk/files/uploaded-files/Copenhagen%20Climate%20Adaptation%20Plan%20-%202011.pdf
+
:  In Copenhagen’s Climate Resilient Neighborhood, we will establish “green”(use of vegetation) and “blue” solutions both in private courtyards, on streets areas and urban spaces. The aim is to disconnect 30% of rainwater from the sewer, by using techniques where different solutions are linked to together.
:In 2015 City of Copenhagen launched a strategy of co-creation
+
:  The concept is to establish green cloudburst solutions (solutions on the surface) in the upper and middle part of the catchment area. The rainwater will be channelized into a cloudburst sewer in the lower part of the catchment area which will lead rainwater into the harbour. We establish greener courtyards and manage local surface water run-off in the courtyards. This is managed either by establishing green roofs on e.g. smaller backyard buildings and by implementing water tanks,. rain gardens etc. . In terms of heavy rains we secure cellars by establing raised stairways so excess water will run from the courtyard and into the road.
:-Co-Create Copenhagen
+
:  The different “green” surface solutions (sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) ) will provide a  recreational value for the city and its residents and it will increase the quality of life in everyday life.
:http://kk.sites.itera.dk/apps/kk_pub2/pdf/1534_0TdC5G2XZr.pdf
+
:  Each year a study on city life is conducted in the neighbourhood. The analysis gives a picture of the city life and counts how much activity there is in e.g. a square, park or a street.
== Outcomes and Assessments==
+
:  In the neighbourhood 4 city life studies have been conducted in 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015
:New and combined solutions (climate adaptation) challenge the legal system, organizational structures, physical structures, mental structures, and economic structures in many levels and areas. By communication and by working interdisciplinary the challenges can be overcome.
+
:  The results of the city life studies can be found in the reports from each year, the reports contain a more detailed review of the method.
==Methods Applied==
+
:  The purpose of the city life studies is to assess and evaluate how the residents use the neighbourhood. Where and how do people use the neighbourhood and how do they move around? We can thereby compare the different studies and assess the results before and after a physical interventions/urban renewal.
:The Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood is one of the first bigger climate adaptation projects covering a whole district in the city. The aim is to improve the quality of urban life in the city/neighborhood, by creating solutions which adapt to climate change, creates better green spaces and are environmental sustainable.
+
:  We use the studies to get an indication of which urban areas are functional and which are dysfunctional and thereby we can find out if we have improved the physical spaces.
:The initiative/project has a great impact on both local, regional, national and global scale.
+
:  · The citizens in Copenhagen become more aware of climate change and the needs to adapt the city to heavy rain and cloudbursts.
:In Copenhagen’s Climate Resilient Neighborhood, we will establish “green”(use of vegetation) and “blue” solutions both in private courtyards, on streets areas and urban spaces. The aim is to disconnect 30% of rainwater from the sewer, by using techniques where different solutions are linked to together.
+
:  · The citizens get inspired by the different initiatives developed by the integrated urban renewal project and other citizens. They get motivated for creating their own projects. The citizens become more conscious of their ability to contribute to their local community and the city.
:The concept is to establish green cloudburst solutions (solutions on the surface) in the upper and middle part of the catchment area. The rainwater will be channelized into a cloudburst sewer in the lower part of the catchment area which will lead rainwater into the harbour. We establish greener courtyards and manage local surface water run-off in the courtyards. This is managed either by establishing green roofs on e.g. smaller backyard buildings and by implementing water tanks,. rain gardens etc. . In terms of heavy rains we secure cellars by establing raised stairways so excess water will run from the courtyard and into the road.
+
:  · The neighbourhood has developed a good reputation and identity as Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood.
:The different “green” surface solutions (sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) ) will provide a  recreational value for the city and its residents and it will increase the quality of life in everyday life.
+
: ==Methods Applied==
:Each year a study on city life is conducted in the neighbourhood. The analysis gives a picture of the city life and counts how much activity there is in e.g. a square, park or a street.
+
:  New planning and working methods:
:In the neighbourhood 4 city life studies have been conducted in 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015
+
:  We plan and develop together with the citizens. In the Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked together with the local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge and ideas in the different projects. Eg.on Tåsinge Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjeld Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans and solutions done by the architects (consultants).
:The results of the city life studies can be found in the reports from each year, the reports contain a more detailed review of the method.
+
:  ==Benefit to Other Cities==
:The purpose of the city life studies is to assess and evaluate how the residents use the neighbourhood. Where and how do people use the neighbourhood and how do they move around? We can thereby compare the different studies and assess the results before and after a physical interventions/urban renewal.
+
:  New planning and working methods:
:We use the studies to get an indication of which urban areas are functional and which are dysfunctional and thereby we can find out if we have improved the physica spaces.
+
:  We plan together with the citizens. In the Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked together with the local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge and ideas in the different projects. Eg.on Tåsinge Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjeld Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans and solutions done by the architects (consultants).
:·The citizens in Copenhagen become more aware of climate change and the needs to adapt the city to heavy rain and cloudbursts.
+
:  A strong neighbourhood is a neighbourhood that has a "voice" - that can articulate their wishes to the people in charge of the neighborhood development and realization of this. The neighborhood's "voice" is a network of institutions, political organizations, associations and individuals, sometimes formally organized, other times informally.
:·The citizens get inspired by the different initiatives developed by the integrated urban renewal project and other citizens. They get motivated for creating their own projects. The citizens become more conscious of their ability to contribute to their local community and the city.
+
:  An urban renewal program like in the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood, can help to strengthen this "voice" because it can set a common agenda through the district plan for the development of the neighbourhood, And it has  the power to deliberate involve the neighbourhood's citizens in the process.
:·The neighbourhood has developed a good reputation and identity as Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood.
+
== Benefit to Other Cities==
+
:New planning and working methods:
+
:We plan and develop together with the citizens. In the Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked together with the local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge and ideas in the different projects. Eg.on T?singe Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjeld Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans and solutions done by the architects (consultants).
+
== Abstract ==
+
:New planning and working methods:
+
:We plan together with the citizens. In the Climate-Resilient Neighbourhood we have worked together with the local citizens. Citizens have contributed with local knowledge and ideas in the different projects. Eg.on T?singe Plads, Bryggervangen and Skt. Kjeld Plads. The ideas have later been incorporated in the final plans and solutions done by the architects (consultants).
+
:A strong neighbourhood is a neighbourhood that has a "voice" - that can articulate their wishes to the people in charge of the neighborhood development and realization of this. The neighborhood's "voice" is a network of institutions, political organizations, associations and individuals, sometimes formally organized, other times informally.
+
:An urban renewal program like in the Climate Resilient Neighbourhood, can help to strengthen this "voice" because it can set a common agenda through the district plan for the development of the neighbourhood, And it has  the power to deliberate involve the neighbourhood's citizens in the process.
+
 
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Revision as of 18:43, 12 January 2017

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Secretariat of Guangzhou International Award for Urban Innovation Address: Room 3511-12, 5 Zhujiang Xilu, Guangzhou, People"s Republic of China Tel: +86-20-8735 0999    Fax: +86-20-8735 3488 Homepage: www.guangzhouaward.org Email: info@guangzhouaward.org